Background: The role of vitamin D in neonatal late onset sepsis, especially in preterm gestation, remains to be confirmed. Objective: To study the association of maternal and neonatal serum vitamin D levels with late onset neonatal sepsis in neonates.
Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in out-born unit of department of paediatrics of Safdarjung hospital, a tertiary care teaching hospital, from November 2018 to March 2020. 160 neonates with clinical sepsis or and culture proven sepsis were included in study group and 160 neonates without sepsis were enrolled as matched control (for gender & postnatal age), after informed consent. Vitamin D level (25 OH D) was assessed in neonates and their mothers in both groups.