Abstract

Clinical Pediatrics 2018: Overweight/obesity and associated factors among preschool children in Gondar City, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016 - Muluken Bekele - Arba Minch University

Worldwide the prevalence of formative years obese and weight problems expanded from four.2% in 1990 to 6.7% in 2010 and expected to reach 9.1% in 2020 by using affecting extra than 1.Five billion adults and accounting for 0.7% to 2.8% of healthcare expenses. The envisioned occurrence of prone to overweight becomes 21.4% in evolved and 13.6% in growing countries in 2010. However, the relative percentage exchange is higher in growing nations that is 8.5% in 2010 and anticipated to reach 12.7% in 2020, further in Asia the superiority extended to 4.9%from 3.2%. Obesity in preschool children is a developing hassle and its miles receiving increasing interest which is a predictor of adulthood obesity, morbidity and mortality.

Infectious sicknesses and underneath-vitamins had been still primary public fitness worries within the developing world. With modernization and industrialization physical sports which includes occupational, commuting and enjoyment-time bodily sports are reduced significantly, which in turn will have impact on person lifestyle. In Sub-Saharan nations the prevalence of obese and obesity is extensively excessive, even in some international locations over vitamins is extra common than under vitamins, which indicates that vitamins transition is going on and obese and weight problems are becoming a developing problem within the region.

Many factors can be associated with obese and obesity in preschool kids. From this, elements which are at the maternal aspect have been socioeconomic fame, degree of schooling, marital repute and, maternal smoking during pregnancy. Sex of the child, beginning weight and the child's beginning rank, area of residence, BMI of dad and mom and some nutritional factors have been additionally found as elements of youth obese and weight problems

In Ethiopia, particularly in the have a look at region, there was no statistics concerning the superiority of overweight /obesity and its associated factors among preschool youngsters even though preschool years are a critical time while eating and physical interest behavior are becoming hooked up. Therefore, this study will assist to decide the superiority and the maximum important associated elements that have impact on overweight /obesity amongst preschool youngsters inside the observe vicinity.

Background: Overweight and obesity amongst children has emerged as one of the most serious public fitness worries within the 21st century that is a predictor of adulthood weight problems, morbidity and mortality. The objective of this take a look at was to evaluate the prevalence of obese /weight problems and associated elements among preschool kids.

Methods: A community based cross-sectional examine was performed in Gondar City from February 14 to March 4, 2016. Multistage sampling method became used to pick out a complete of 504 preschool kids. Data have been amassed the use of structured interviewer administered questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. Data have been entered the use of Epidata model 3.1 and analyzed the usage of SPSS model 20 and WHO 2007 Anthro version 2.0.4 software. Both bivariate and multivariate logistic regression evaluation have been carried out to become aware of related factors. P values <0.05 with 95% confidence level were used to declare statistical significance.

Results: A total of 500 study participants were included with 99.2% response rate and 51.6% were girls while 48.4% were boys. The mean (±SD) age of participants was 47.68 ±7.19 months. The combined prevalence of overweight /obesity was 13.8 % (95%CI; 10.6, 17.2) the specific being 9.6% for overweight and 4.2% for obesity. The multivariable analysis indicated that the age group between 36-47 months [AOR=2.38 (95%CI; 1.27,4.46)], high dietary diversity [AOR=3.73(95%CI;1.15,12.54), consumption of sweet food [AOR=2.69 (95%CI,1.21, 5.98)], time spent in watching television>2hr/day [AOR=4.01 (95%CI;2.22, 7.26)] and mother’s education at secondary degree [AOR=0.35 (95% CI; 0.12, 0.96)] were associated with overweight/obesity amongst preschool kids.

Height of kids was measured with barefoot by undoing their hair, getting rid of any pins and braids from the hair that could have an effect on the size by positioning the difficulty on the Frankfurt plane using a stadiometer seca (Germany) and recorded to the closest 0.1cm. Weight of kids changed into measured with light clothing (underclothes, t-blouse best) and recorded to nearest 0.1 kg the use of UNICEF seca digital weighing scale (Germany).

Conclusions: Once taken into consideration a high-income U.S.A. trouble, result of this observe in city town like Gondar exhibits that overweight/weight problems is at the rise in city Ethiopia, which shows the need for formulating preventive applications and regulations during a toddler’s early years.


Author(s):

Muluken Bekele



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